Politics and architecture intersect in North Macedonia

Politics and architecture intersect in North Macedonia


>>Sreenivasan: THE NEWLY-NAMED NORTH MACEDONIA IS ONE STEP CLOSER TO BECOMING THE 30th MEMBER OF NATO AFTER A UNANIMOUS VOTE THIS WEEK BY THEIR PARLIAMENT IN FAVOR OF MEMBERSHIP. THIS COMES AFTER A PROTRACTED DISPUTE WITH GREECE OVER THE COUNTRY’S PREVIOUS NAME AND EVEN ITS ARCHITECTURE. IT’S A POLITICAL CRISIS WHICH, AS NEWSHOUR WEEKEND SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT CHRISTOPHER LIVESAY REPORTS, IS REFLECTED IN THE SKYLINE OF THE CAPITAL CITY OF SKOPJE. (CHURCH BELLS RINGING)>>Reporter: YOU MIGHT NOT EXPECT BIG THINGS FROM THE CAPITAL OF A LANDLOCKED BALKAN COUNTRY THAT’S SMALLER THAN THE STATE OF NEW HAMPSHIRE, BUT SKOPJE, NORTH MACEDONIA, MIGHT SURPRISE YOU. THERE ARE THE TYPICAL TOURIST SITES LIKE THIS ANCIENT FORTRESS, AND A SPRAWLING OTTOMAN BAZAAR WHERE THE LOCAL SPECIALTY, MACEDONIAN PEPPERS, ARE SOLD BY THE BAG-FULL. THESE PALE GREEN “ZELENI PIPERKI” ARE ON THE HOT SIDE. BUT WHAT REALLY MAKES SKOPJE SPECIAL IS THIS. AND THIS. AND THESE. HUNDREDS OF STATUES, AND CLASSICAL-LOOKING BUT ACTUALLY BRAND-NEW FACADES ON DOZENS OF BUILDINGS IN THE CITY CENTER. WHAT’S THE NAME OF THE SQUARE HERE?>>MACEDONIA.>>Reporter: MACEDONIA SQUARE.>>YES.>>Reporter: NIKOLA SRBOV, A HISTORIAN AND ADVISOR TO THE STATE ARCHIVES, SAYS THIS WAS ALL BUILT BY THE GOVERNMENT JUST A FEW YEARS AGO, A PROJECT CALLED “SKOPJE 2014.” THE IDEA WAS TO GIVE A FACELIFT TO THIS FORMERLY COMMUNIST CITY, BOOST NATIONAL PRIDE AND ATTRACT TOURISTS, TOO.>>(translated): IN A WAY, THE CITY HAS GROWN INTO SOMETHING MORE BEAUTIFUL THAN IT USED TO BE.>>Reporter: MUSEUMS AND GOVERNMENT BUILDINGS BOAST COLUMNS AND MARBLE LOOK-ALIKE FACADES THAT ARE MEANT TO LOOK HUNDREDS OF YEARS OLD BUT ARE LESS THAN TEN. THERE’S ALSO A TRIUMPHAL ARCH AND TWO NEW BRIDGES ACROSS THE VARDA RIVER THAT HAVE ON THEM ABOUT 30 STATUES EACH. NOT EVERYONE HAS BEEN IMPRESSED. THE “NEW YORK TIMES” CALLED THE REMODELED CITY ONE OF THE “KITSCHIEST” CAPITALS ON THE PLANET. TOURISTS WE MET SEEMED BEMUSED.>>IT’S AMAZING. WE NEVER– WE’VE BEEN IN MORE THAN 36 COUNTRIES. WE’VE NEVER SEEN THIS NUMBER OF STATUES EVERYWHERE.>>SOMEBODY MENTIONED THAT THIS MONUMENT, DISNEYLAND MONUMENTS.>>Reporter: DISNEYLAND MONUMENTS?>>YES. A LOT OF COMMENTS HAPPEN.>>Reporter: ZORAN ZAEV IS THE HEAD OF NORTH MACEDONIA’S RULING PARTY. HE WAS PRIME MINISTER UP UNTIL RECENTLY. HE RESIGNED LAST MONTH AFTER THE COUNTRY FAILED TO WIN MEMBERSHIP IN THE EUROPEAN UNION. HE SAYS THE BUILDING PROJECT, WHICH WAS LAUNCHED BY THE COUNTRY’S PREVIOUS RIGHT-WING NATIONALIST GOVERNMENT, IS PARTLY TO BLAME FOR SETTING THE COUNTRY BACK.>>I DON’T WANT TO COMMENT THE STYLE, BUT I ALWAYS COMMENT TO SPEND ONE BILLION EURO.>>Reporter: ONE BILLION EUROS?>>YES, FOR THAT MONUMENTS AND MUSEUMS IN THE CENTER OF OUR CAPITAL, IT’S REALLY STUPID. IT’S VERY WRONG FOR DEVELOPING COUNTRY WHERE IS A LOT OF POOR PEOPLE.>>Reporter: IN FACT, WHILE TOURISM NUMBERSAREUP IN THE LAST SEVERAL YEARS, IT’S STILL A VERY SMALL PERCENTAGE OF THE COUNTRY’S ECONOMY. THE AVERAGE NET INCOME HERE IS ONLY ABOUT $450 A MONTH. WHEN YOU WALK TO THE BACK OF THE BUILDING, YOU SEE, WELL, IT’S NOT EXACTLY WHAT IT SEEMS. PEEKING BEHIND THE NEOCLASSICAL FACADES GIVES A GLIMPSE OF THE REALITY OF HOW PEOPLE LIVE. INSULATION IN MOST APARTMENTS AND HOMES IS SO BAD, HEATING CAN COST UP TO HALF AN AVERAGE SALARY. IN JUST ONE HOUR SOUTH OF SKOPJE, THE ISSUE ISN’T FAKE FACADES.>>CULTURAL HERITAGE TO ALL OF US, AND IT SHOULD BE SOMETHING THAT UNITES US, NOT DIVIDES US.>>Reporter: ARCHEOLOGIST GOCE PAVLOVSKI IS WORKING ON RESEARCH AND PROTECTION OF THE ANCIENT CITY OF STOBI. HERE ARTIFACTS LIKE THESE CHURCH MOSAICS DATE BACK TO 400 A.D.>>THE GAMES WOULD START IN THE MORNING.>>Reporter: EVEN OLDER IS THIS ROMAN THEATER. AND OLDER STILL, RUINS OF STRUCTURES DATING TO THE TIME OF ALEXANDER THE GREAT. FOR PAVLOVSKI, IT’S ALL PART OF A BIGGER PICTURE. ARCHAEOLOGY, HE SAYS, SHOWS HOW PEOPLE IN THE REGION SHARE A SINGLE HERITAGE. MODERN BORDERS ARE A KIND OF POLITICAL MIRAGE. AND WHO GETS TO CLAIM THIS? WHO GETS TO SAY, “THIS ISMYHISTORY”?>>HUMANITY. I WOULD SAY HUMANITY. YOU– YOU DON’T CLAIM HISTORY. HISTORY IS THERE. HISTORY IS NOT THE PROPERTY OF CERTAIN NATIONS. IT’S THE PROPERTY OF THE TERRITORY WHERE PEOPLE LIVE. SO, THE RULERS CAN CHANGE, THE COUNTRIES CAN CHANGE, THEIR BORDERS CAN CHANGE, AND THE HISTORY STAYS THERE.>>Reporter: AS FOR ALL THE STATUES IN SKOPJE, WELL, THEY’RE SUBJECT TO HISTORY, TOO.>>PART OF OUR CITIZENS ARE IN FAVOR TO TAKE OUT THESE MONUMENTS, TO TAKE IT OUT.>>Reporter: IT’S THAT CONTROVERSIAL.>>TO PUT THEM IN OTHER PLACES. AND THAT COST MONEY ALSO. IT’S NOT EASIER TO DO– TO DO IT. EVERY DOLLAR, EVERY DINAR FOR US IS VERY PRECIOUS TO FIND SOLUTIONS FOR EVERYDAY PROBLEMS. EVERY MONEY, WHAT WE HAVE IT, WE MUST PUT IN OUR HEALTH SYSTEM, IN OUR EDUCATION SYSTEM, NEW JOBS FOR OUR YOUNG PEOPLE. THAT IS THE HIGH DISCUSSION IN OUR SOCIETY.>>Reporter: ZAEV HOPES, IF HIS PRO-WESTERN PARTY WINS IN UPCOMING ELECTIONS THIS SPRING, IT WILL HELP RENEW THE CHANCES THE COUNTRY WILL BE ADMITTED TO THE E.U. BUILDING FRIENDSHIPS, HE SAYS, IS MORE IMPORTANT THAN BUILDING MONUMENTS TO THE PAST.

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