How To Reframe A Wall For A Larger Window



hi welcome back to host improvements calm I want to show you today how to change the framing here in this wall from the exterior of the house to accommodate a larger window so this room is a bathroom doesn't really matter but you can see what the window used to be and the new window is going to be not as tall but it's going to be longer so that means that that header up there is too short so what we have to do is actually move all this framing all the existing framing and install a whole new framing system for this window I've got all the pieces for that pre-cut over here so it kind of gives you an idea of what what we're gonna have when we're done so you can see the windows not nearly as tall and it's I think it's around 8 inches wider so some some considerations before you tackle this project like this is what what is that header actually supporting above that area so if you're in a two-story home that obvious obviously becomes quite a different situation you're probably gonna have to shore up the ceiling inside the house because when you cut all this structure out if there's a lot of weight above it you might actually get some sagging especially on a longer span this is a pretty short span but in most cases this short of a span you're probably going to be alright but I don't want to say you'd always be okay in our case we're just this is a bungalow here with a gable roof so we do have the rafters sitting on this outer wall but this this roof is not really throwing a lot of load down on here so I'm not too concerned about shoring up the ceiling inside or doing any temporary supporting for this shorter distance but if like I said in your situation it could be a lot different so that's something you might have to even consult an engineer boat to design your header this is existing opening you can see just had a double 2×4 header and we're gonna be going a little bit wider so I've increased that to a two by stubble two by six header and like I said you you may have to consult an engineer for your particular case but that's this is what we're doing in most cases you're probably gonna have drywall on the wall inside whatever room you're doing which will make it a little easier because we're basically going to cut these framing embers out and just pull them out of here and if you've got drywall the screws or nails that are holding the drywall to the studs will usually just pull through the drywall in this case there's Hardiebacker on the other side of this wall and I'm not exactly sure how easy they're gonna pull out so that could present a little bit of an issue for us if it is drywall you're doing you remove all the framing and then once you have the new framing in you can just simply go in and insert some new drywall screws or nails in the appropriate spots and do some patching you'll have some patching I'm hoping in this case because this is a shower that I don't lose any more tiles off the wall than are already gonna have to be replaced the good thing in my case is this bathroom is gonna be redone this this winter so I'm not really super concerned about it but if you're working in a similar situation and you're trying to preserve what's on the other side it's something to consider that could be an issue for you as you as you do this so sort of to get started what I've already done you can see that exterior this house was all shiplap boards there wasn't plywood on it so I was able to stand back whether it's plywood or shiplap and basically the rows of nails will sort of tell you where your framing is or give you a good idea so then I just had to determine from there where I wanted to cut that odor odor exterior covering off so I can expose what is in the wall what I chose to do is basically instead of having to pull the nails and actually be able to cut these off right on the center of a stud I decided just to cut right on the edge of the stud and then I'll put some framing in there to pick up the new sheeting just saved pulling having to pull a whole bunch of nails and messing around so I did that I removed all those boards then I removed the insulation obviously this is exterior wall so there was insulation in there you can see there's a poly vapor barrier we're gonna have to do some fixing on it when we get all this framing pulled out so I pulled all that out in our case there's no electrical running in the wall so there's nothing there we have to worry about if there was then that presents a another issue you're gonna have to deal with you probably have to disconnect it or have an electrician disconnect it from one area and pull it back out of your way so you can do all your reframing and then run it back through again so so there could be some issues there that you have to deal with in our case obviously not so kind of my next step hot well I guess you can see I had to remove some soffit to because I've got to get all the way up I want to get supporting members I need to get some of my framing to be right on the bottom plate down here so right from bottom raid all the way up to the underside of the double top plate and in order to do that I had to remove the soffit so I could cut the wall boards all the way off the shiplap so that I could expose it right to the top okay so that that got opened up as well so kind of my next step here is removing all this framing and what I've done is I've done some of the cutting already so I've taken a recipie all this framing off from the plate basically because it's nailed up there so I need to cut through those nails to make it easier to pull out I also cut this header off in a couple spots make it easier the sill I cut in a couple spots and I also cut off the nails right between the plate and the end of this framing on all these except for this so I'm gonna I'm gonna do this one on camera cut that off when you're doing this you need to be depending if you're trying to save the inside from being damaged as little as possible then then you're wanting to make sure your bleed when you're doing all this cutting isn't poking through the drywall and causing damage on the other side you can usually use that but do that by choosing the appropriate length blade or working on a little bit of an angle so that it doesn't actually poke all the way through so and also I'm trying to damage the vapor barrier as little as possible it's it's kind of tough not to damage it for what we're doing we're just gonna have to fix it up as best we can learn when we get all this framing out of the way so so I'm going to grab the reciprocating saw I'm going to cut those final three pieces free and then hopefully without too much trouble we can get some of these members or all of these members out of the way so I'm just simply using a bi metal cutting blade in the saw in fact I'm already missing a few teeth from cutting the nails that I did so this is kind of a demolition blade it'll cut nails and wood and like I said down here I'm actually cutting right between the top of the bottom plate and the bottom of the studs okay so I've got that freed up I'm gonna maybe remove these shorter pieces which should be a little bit easier to begin with just to see how it's going to go it looks like these fasteners are gonna pull right through the cement backer board or maybe they're pulling a little umber one way or the other it's so far going all right okay so there's one piece gone already that's great so you can see here's a fastener that just pulled out of the lumber here's a couple spots where they actually pulled break through the Hardiebacker so I'll have to take some I'll either pull that right out or I'll cut it off with some side cutters I'll maybe go up and take that small piece out so it doesn't fall on my head or something that I'd make for some good outtakes but probably headache that's this is drywall up here from basically about here up so I'm late just pop right out I'll try the red bar on this one so I'm just gonna try slipping the red bar between the framing in the backside of the drywall see if I can find some of the nails there's a nail there now when I cut up here because of the tightness of the roof I couldn't get cut I couldn't cut right between here so I had to cut a little bit lower so there'll be some ends of some nails I'll have to deal with up here or if they don't end up in the way of the new framing I might just leave them too so you just got to kind of pick your way along and just sort of figure out how it's going to come apart easiest and that's what you do just trying to be gentle because I'm trying not to lose any tiles in the shower if I can help it I'm just gonna cut that nail off there push it now we're might run into some trouble as there should be some screws or clips from the tub edge into the framing and they could be a little more difficult to get out or I could just lift it up off the tub edge how about that so these this one just had the because it's a metal tub just had these clips screwed on so I was able just to lift that up and over so so far we've got a good number of framing you have quite a bit of framing out I'm just gonna have to smooth out some of those lumps and bumps yeah so let's see how this one's gonna come out oh so this one's got that clip on there again I think see if I can get this money budge I can get that out at the top I should be able to lift that off again I'm gonna kind of have the ladder in the way here so you can see I'm just kind of taking it apart into whatever order it seems to come apart easiest and so far it's working out pretty good okay so we've definitely got a few nails to deal with I'm just gonna see if they'll pull through and they're just they're gonna simply just pull right through so that's what I'll do I'll pull those out it's not like we've created any more damage than really we've already got the good thing is I haven't heard a single tile fall into the tub yet so that's a bonus and like I said we've got all these little spots where the back of the backdoor board kind of mushroomed out or whatever so just got to kind of clean those up a little it might be just as easy for me to cut the poly so I can kind of reach in there and do that gotta tape it all back up anyways what's another strip of tape so I'll just go ahead and get that all cleaned up and we'll come back okay so we're back took the time to cut off those nails that we had up at the top that we're sticking up just so I don't poke myself on them and they're for sure not in the way then I finished marking out my framing locations so I can see clearly where they need to go after I had all the hole just about all the holes in the vapor barrier patched with with this tape then the cameraman said why don't you just cut that all off and replace it with a new stuff new piece so that's what I did so anyways so the vapor barrier looks a lot better now you can see all the little spots where there was nails before and yes basically now this wall this Drive this Hardiebacker or this cement backer that's in here is just standing there it'll be attached over here on these other studs but it won't be attached here and there's really nothing at this point I can really do about that because it is a tile surface on the other side so I can't go in and throw fasteners through it I think I mentioned earlier though that this bathrooms getting gutted out here in a few months so it'll stand for that long anyways for sure so I think I'm pretty much ready to put my framing in I brought things over here a little closer I'm gonna start over on this one side here now as far as I'm not going into too much detail with the framing and some of the other little side issues here we do have other videos that we'll cover pretty well all of them so you can check those out as well as far as the framing the vapor barrier that sort of thing so this is more about just the process more than anything because your situation will likely be different anyways depending on the size of window you're changing so I'm first gonna put in this full length stud that goes in raped between the plates of the wall and I'll just line it up with the mark so I'm happy with and get a couple spikes in it [Applause] now that I didn't have my hand back there firm enough kicked away from my line so I'm just gonna get it forced back over to where I want it the other unfortunate part is this piece of lumber there's a whole bunch of knots right at the end here where I want to nail it makes it difficult to nail here properly and I'm gonna go up top and throw a nail into those just like said before when we were off camera I marked out all my positions we didn't have to waste time in the video showing that maybe use my bar back there this time that worked better [Applause] okay so we've the first creamy member around a window like I said is that full-length one I'm just gonna double check that that's is plum yeah that's good now the next one beside it it'll be the trimmer stud that goes right up against it and this one is the one that supports the header and so it'll be nailed to the plate and flush to the stud that I just put in there the regular stuff I'm just flushing out up here and nailing it [Applause] yeah and this one here goes beside that and it supports the SIL okay so we got the main part of the framing in and now we're gonna put our two ply 2×6 header up on top of the trimmer studs a little bit of a gap there sort of measure and make sure that I haven't made a mistake there there's the right length so we might some of this framing must be spread a little bit before I've got a mark go a little bit up top I'm just a little bit spread with my framing there so I'm gonna see if I can just pry that over might not be able to I nailed it – good I'll get some nails into it anyways I can't really get in there to beat it over into place okay we got that one in this is just the sill that our window is gonna sit on [Applause] I wish I could get that or there's nothing to really probably on there that easily by myself [Applause] okay so below that SIL now I just want my crippled studs to be spaced out in here on the framing centers that were being used in the original wall so I know I've got a regular one here should be able to see yeah here's the mark where the other one was yeah so I'm going to stick those two in there not just ensures that down the road everything still works out to do the same centers that they were using originally and then I'm just going to plumb those up with a level and nail them into that sill plate okay so we've got that all in there I've got some little cripple blocks to put above the header so we'll put one right against here I might have to trim these maybe I have them reversed yeah I had them reversed [Applause] [Applause] I'm just lining them up with ones blow hey get in can't really get in there to get another nail in I'll just hammer those nails in I'll put a little bit of construction adhesive beside those ones that I couldn't give you properly fastened just about eight my hammer okay so we've got the basic framing in I'm gonna put one more 2×4 in here full height just to catch up or catch that edge of the sheeting when I put the sheeting on this side I'm not too worried about because we've got framing really close so that's not gonna be an issue on that side before I can do the sheeting though obviously I've gotta put all new insulation in there if I had electrical I'd be running the electrical through it but basically that's what you need to know in order to increase the size of the opening so really because the header was too small we had to do all that extra framing and and install a new header I'm not gonna show in this video doing the insulation putting the sheeting on that's really should be fairly easy for you to figure out but we just wanted to basically show you what's involved in getting the framing done correctly to accept that larger window so hopefully this video you found helpful and informative and we'd appreciate if you can click the thumbs up below if you did if you have any comments you can put them in the comments or if you have actual questions I prefer if you go to the forum on the website and post any questions you have about this or any other project in the forum and its myself or one of the other guys there will definitely get to you and help you through whatever problems you're having other than that I appreciate you watching and you can follow us on our Facebook and Twitter and all that other stuff appreciate your watching bye

21 Comments

  • HouseImprovements

    April 14, 2019

    Here is a link to the siding removal tool:https://www.amazon.ca/Malco-SRT2-Straight-Handled-Removal/dp/B00004SUQW/ref=sr_1_fkmr0_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1537631419&sr=8-1-fkmr0

    Reply
  • Zach Defoor

    April 14, 2019

    You really can see quality of his work. Perfectionist. That one board looked warped to me when he tried to nail it. N you can tell it bugged him that it was off

    Reply
  • Patrick Murphy

    April 14, 2019

    Thanks for the video! Very informative and inspiring as I prepare to tackle my own framing project. Thanks again!

    Reply
  • Aloha Whiney

    April 14, 2019

    Oh don't eat the ?

    Reply
  • Jeff Mathers

    April 14, 2019

    This isn't just similar to what I'm about to do to my garage, it's dead on – right down to the shiplap "sheathing," cement board on bottom and the drywall on top. I'm just removing the whole external wall, putting up zip sheathing, replacing any rotten studs, and installing new Windows. Thanks for the video. I actually love how you just own your mistakes and show how you deal with them. That gives me the confidence I need bc I'm sure to make plenty of my own. Thanks, and subscribed!

    Reply
  • Beautiful Disaster-la

    April 14, 2019

    I really enjoy how you explain everything in detail I enjoy watching your videos by the why you have a great camera men ?

    Reply
  • Eduardo Tarusov

    April 14, 2019

    Why in the world would people ever do vapor barrier on the inside? That's a horrible idea.

    Reply
  • espn mk

    April 14, 2019

    great work as always, Shannon can that short window wall be built on the floor and than be put in place?

    Reply
  • Dudeareno Rodent

    April 14, 2019

    Ricky from Trailer Park Boys could have used this info..After watching Ricky try to hang a towel holder..very funny stuff..

    Reply
  • Aidan Drummond

    April 14, 2019

    hey Shannon, i have been watching your videos for a while now. great work man. do you find it necessary to mark the crowns on the studs when doing small framing like this? thanks. Adam

    Reply
  • Ajoking

    April 14, 2019

    Small block at 20:40 will let you pry the stud over.

    Reply
  • Yun ki

    April 14, 2019

    This is so neat, it's scary. ???Great video once again.

    Reply
  • R. Joseph

    April 14, 2019

    Shannon you really are amazing. You always seem to create content relating to what I'm presently doing, or planning to do. Keep up the great work ?

    Reply
  • teh60

    April 14, 2019

    Great job Shannon, your videos are always helpful.

    Reply
  • Andrew Carr

    April 14, 2019

    excellent example of how to perform some safe demolition causing as little damage as possible. The popularity of those "home renovation shows" where the DIY'ers go mental using a 20lb sledge and flip flops…. Yes it is entertainment folks but should come with a disclaimer of "don't try this at home…"

    Reply
  • Rob Gunther

    April 14, 2019

    Wow, I've been thinking of doing exactly this, changing out one of those stupid large windows that are essentially in the shower for a higher longer one that does not get water on it all the time (so stupid). However, your videos shows how much work it would really be, having to rip open the entire exterior wall like that would be a massive job and be very expensive on top.

    Reply
  • B Scooter

    April 14, 2019

    Wow, they must have really wanted that slightly wider window. All that work would have been avoided if they had kept the width the same and just reduced the height. Good job though. ??

    Reply
  • Albert F

    April 14, 2019

    Looking over the earlier posts, I am in total agreement. Great quality and content. Thankfully no background music. Shooting and prep for these videos take a lot of time and thought. Addressed the support consideration and wiring too. Have you ever called an engineer about support or have you just used experience as basis?

    Reply
  • Gcal1956

    April 14, 2019

    I built a shed with your how to build a shed video.
    10ft by 20 feet with a frame roof.

    Thanks for that video for that.

    My next project is to cut a hole in back of my house to add a garge door. So I can drive into my back yard.
    I only have 3 feet on each side of the house. So I can’t drive around.

    This seems to be the same process as I wannna do. But I have to shore up the roof to make sure it doesn’t sag while I install the new header.

    Any chance u will do a video on how to shore a ceiling or roof?

    Reply
  • josh j

    April 14, 2019

    doesn't look like a larger new window to me

    Reply
  • resolution55555

    April 14, 2019

    I trust your videos so much that I don't even have to watch it, I already give you a thumbs up.

    Reply

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