How Does An Electric Range & Oven Work? — Appliance Repair



not all ranges look the same but all of them feature a stovetop and oven which operate on similar principles in this video we will address how an electric range operates as well as potential problems you may encounter electric stove tops have two common styles of heating elements the first is a conventional coil the second is a radiant coil each element is controlled by its own switch the stovetop operates by using 240 volts of alternating current through two legs of voltage each carrying 120 volts when the selector knob is turned to a heat setting the switch allows the first leg of voltage to travel to one side of the heating element and the second leg of voltage to travel to the opposite side when the voltage reaches the heating element the circuit is closed and the element begins to heat the switch regulates the heating element when the element reaches the designated temperature the switch shuts off the voltage this cycle repeats throughout the cooking process to maintain the proper temperature keep in mind that a radiant coil has a built-in limiter that monitors the stovetop surface temperature this can cause the heating element to cycle on and off more frequently than a conventional coil element common problems that occur with an electric stovetop include one or more of the elements not heating heating intermittently or overheating if one of the elements is not heating you should test the part for continuity to determine if a continuous electrical path is present if the element has continuity it's likely that the switch is defective and will need to be replaced if none of the elements are heating there is a high probability the appliance is not receiving sufficient voltage to help determine this you can test the electrical outlet using a voltage meter set two volts ac be aware that readings can vary between 210 and 240 volts if the element is operating intermittently check for damage or corrosion where the element terminals connect with the receptacle an element overheating is an indication that the switch is probably defective and requires replacement an electric oven consists of three basic components the bake element the broil element and the oven control the oven control may be switch based with a thermostat and sensing bulb assembly or an electronic control board that works with an oven sensor the oven also operates using 240 volts of alternating current through two legs of voltage each carrying 120 volts the first leg of ole tidge is usually regulated by the oven control the second leg of voltage may also be regulated by the control or it may be continuously present at one side of both the bake and broil elements when you select the bake or broil the oven control allows either the first leg of voltage or both legs to travel to the element closing the circuit and causing the element to heat the sensing bulb on the thermostat or the oven sensor monitors the oven temperature when the selected temperature is reached the oven control shuts off the voltage to the element this cycle repeats throughout the cooking process to maintain the proper temperature keep in mind the cooking temperature designated by the control is only an average the actual temperature will fluctuate throughout the cycle convection ovens will reduce this fluctuation by using a motorized fan with or without its own heating element to circulate the heated air evenly throughout the oven cavity a common problem that can occur is a heating element will fail and begin arcing if this happens you should shut off the power immediately and do not use the oven until the element has been replaced if either the bake or broil element is not heating you should test the element for continuity to determine if a continuous electrical path is present if the oven doesn't bake or broil the appliance may not be receiving sufficient voltage again you can test the electrical outlet using a voltage meter set 2 volts ac if the oven is heating improperly or the temperature is off by more than 40 degrees Fahrenheit once preheated the oven control is probably defective if your oven has a switch based control with a thermostat in sensing bulb the entire assembly will need to be replaced if your oven has an electronic control the oven sensor can be tested to determine whether the sensor or the control board is the source of the problem repair clinic has a solution for many of the problems you may be experiencing with your range enter the appliances full model number in our website search engine for a complete list of compatible parts our site also has an extensive selection of instructional videos to assist you covering topics like part testing disassembly and part replacement at repair clinic we make fixing things easy

35 Comments

  • Avol80

    April 13, 2019

    Ugh! I'm going to miss my gas range. I just bought a new home all electric.

    Reply
  • me me

    April 13, 2019

    Ours turned on worked and shut off and a while later the oven started making the running noise and i can feel heat coming out is this normal

    Reply
  • Alyaa Mamdouh Hassan

    April 13, 2019

    Excuse me this work with electric power ?

    Reply
  • realbutter Isbest

    April 13, 2019

    My GE electric stove started making a noise last night and I wasn't even using it. The only way to stop it was to unplug it. What's going on?

    Reply
  • colkid Glen

    April 13, 2019

    My Electric Amana 2005, stopped heating the oven to full heat. The top heating element was working but the bottom element did not check with the ohm meter.
    Replaced bottom element and now oven heats to full capability again.

    Reply
  • Robin Adamson

    April 13, 2019

    I just received a new/used electric range everything works but when I use the oven the top of the stove gets really hot is it supposed to do thst?

    Reply
  • Darko Bakula

    April 13, 2019

    What a great website. My oven wont turn on, the light bulb inside wont turn nor the power indication led either.

    Reply
  • Lady Jay

    April 13, 2019

    THIS IS TOO MUCH…

    Reply
  • Curtis Chapman

    April 13, 2019

    I had all four burners and oven in use. then all of a sudden they all stopped. The lights all work but everything else does not. I unplugged and then plugged back in. Clock and lights work but stove and burners dont. Anything you can suggest anything

    Reply
  • ናቲ የኢየሱስ ልጅ

    April 13, 2019

    ዋጋው ስንት ነው?

    Reply
  • Jeremy Paris

    April 13, 2019

    the clock on my oven blinks and the burners work but the oven won't

    Reply
  • Gustavo Angel Pascual

    April 13, 2019

    Thanks! This video helped a lot??

    Reply
  • C H

    April 13, 2019

    So if it's not getting enough voltage do I replace the breaker

    Reply
  • Brian Freeman

    April 13, 2019

    Wiped my control panel off to clean it and now the clock has went off and the controls won't work! But each elements work but not the stove or clock?

    Reply
  • IMr LAPS

    April 13, 2019

    Very helpful. Thank you.

    Reply
  • Aoife Mc areavey

    April 13, 2019

    I have a being touch cooker does eny one know how to work oven

    Reply
  • Luis Donado

    April 13, 2019

    I just bought a whirlpool Model # WFE320M0EB and I noticed that it heats on and off intermittently. Is it trying to keep an even temperature or is a part faulty in this new model?

    Reply
  • darren kaye

    April 13, 2019

    how do you remove the top of a premier gas range to access the gas valves

    Reply
  • aaron

    April 13, 2019

    I have a whirlpool glass cook top and the hot surface light stays on all the time can't find any info on how to check it

    Reply
  • Natural Orchids Boutique

    April 13, 2019

    eo13

    Reply
  • Nancy-Brian Dean

    April 13, 2019

    Excellent video! Will check out your website for parts. Now I need a video on persuading my husband to fix it! Thanks!

    Reply
  • Stanley Moskowitz

    April 13, 2019

    never use tin foil on top you kiss the top good by

    Reply
  • Koolaid

    April 13, 2019

    Im home alone trying to cook some eggs

    Reply
  • sk0409

    April 13, 2019

    is the oven light supposed to stay lit? I can't tell if my brand new range is having a problem

    Reply
  • Jessica Loose

    April 13, 2019

    Can I just switch off the circuit breaker instead of pulling out the stove and unplugging it?

    Reply
  • Saeideh Mn

    April 13, 2019

    So, the top element in the stove is only for "broil" and not "oven" function? If so, it's weird because I always saw on other ovens even very old ones that they have element on both top and bottom. So today while making my cookies and croissant breads, I was trying to follow the online recipe instructions, but unfortunately when I use those instructed temps it simply starts to make smoke from my cookies/breads and burns them rapidly from the bottom, while I waited so long with lower temp for my breads and sadly they became too hard from out and not baked on inside!! Please help I recently moved to this house and really have no idea what is going on. is it that just the element temp must be wrong (actual temp is much higher that burns?)???

    thanks

    Reply
  • Clifford Stimbert

    April 13, 2019

    My stove drips condensation under the left knobs and leaks water on to the stove top.

    Reply
  • Susan Peppers

    April 13, 2019

    I have a Kenmore oven and when I turn it on it reads door please somebody help me

    Reply
  • Manny Ramirez

    April 13, 2019

    hello my kenmore oven wont heat. it clicks like it want to turm up but nothing happens. it doubke clicks every 15 seconds.

    Reply
  • Guns Donovan

    April 13, 2019

    Hi – i have a Frigidaire Model FED365EBC stove top slide in Range — the bottom Right Element comes on but goes off and on every 20 seconds or so but its like its always on high heat… no matter where the knob is set on. Is this a Control Switch Problem??? Thanks in advance..

    Reply
  • Lynda Gemlo

    April 13, 2019

    my oven heats unevenly ….. cookies burn on outer edge on one side of oven. Is it the heating element that needs to be replaced?

    Reply
  • yuri yuri

    April 13, 2019

    hi what happens if i cut bout 2meters and strip the two end of an ordinary cord say, electric fan or tv cord to expose the two copper wire and solder each directly to the conventional coil terminal? will the coil heat up less than normal?? thanks

    Reply
  • Arenda Suggett

    April 13, 2019

    The oven was locked to do self cleaning and now will not lock

    Reply
  • Terry Knyff

    April 13, 2019

    I have a frigidaire FEFL88ACB oven. when I try self cleaning I get error 09 door unlocked..I can not get the door lock. can anybody help me with this ?

    Reply
  • RepairClinic.com

    April 13, 2019

    Sarah Michaels, the surface hot switch is normally activated by a sensor on the heating element not the control switch.

    Reply

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