Dymaxion: could homes be as affordable & precise as appliances?

Dymaxion: could homes be as affordable & precise as appliances?



doing some research on the internet which has found out that for a museum in Detroit has one of the remaining diamond houses five preacher buckminster fuller looking fuller at Wichita Kansas in the very center of the United States the housing problem brings out a circular dwelling build of aluminum and plastics instead of a foundation this Cornelis cottage is suspended from a central mass of stainless steel the engineering principle with the safety factor of a suspension bridge from its new ideas like a revolving roof which gives a complete change of air every six minutes using new war developed lightweight metals and prefabrication of parts by mass production this home of living room two bedrooms two baths in the kitchen can be economically produced a round house may seem strange but in a housing shortage people are giving attention to all new ideas Oh Jim Museum cars and innovations and things you guys do your thing don't leave the building okay we are at the Henry Ford Museum and regardless if the builder of the modern economy in a way by creating the assembly line and Ford was able to create the first mass-produced car at the 40 what interests us today is Adam action concept dimension house to me one book if Allah was trying to achieve was the mass production house he wanted a 14-4 houses its Dymaxion house so the maximum is actually in our word that is created by integrating the world's dynamic maximum and tension tension maximum tension is a concept of boogie fuller she had this intuition that it was not or something random that nature would come all the time with system that seemed to hell together creating a superficial and structural tension same concepts go with plans and with the golden ratio there is not a continent that the spiral is used all over nature all the time bookie Fuller thought it was possible to create an iron dynamic house achieving the most with the list that's why the dynamic maximum tension according to fuller was achieved by by a shape that will remind us of different 20th century concept that became actually mass production goods one is recreational vehicle the earth stream and the other is the origin of the earth stream which is earth craft the first modern aircraft that were able to the change rate modern materials from their metal and plastic composites became sort of became a thing let's remember how domes once it's put together it creates a tension that selves assured it's going to be saw in this case this Caledon which is super light is going to hold a lot of weight the central mast goes up first and the rest of the light weight house hangs on this pole in circumference these are very tricky for construction there is a reason why they are not more used it's difficult to create a layout out of a circular structure services and things you can't move are going to tend to be around the nucleus so that the external parts of the circumference we find windows doors as we go in we can imagine how light is going to permeate through this structure no matter the orientation of the sand or the season first thing that comes to my mind when I see this it's round and open so it's modern house but open and to me is air streaming I see a nurse room here but I also see innovation in materials how you put them you see finishes on the metal side that are very similar to aircraft design this Rivlin of metal was proved and tested in aircraft then another thing despite the fact that the house is round the interior is quite conventional and cosy it's not overly futuristic so it could be used by any conventional family in the 50s 60s so first thing that comes to my mind is that the living room is quite spacious then another thing I see is that the center of the structure appears to be opened those vents create a wind tunnel they are going to ventilate the whole house ok so now we're in so there is a balcony that that creates a flow like living structures with a circular shape related to the golden ratio and the Fibonacci number the spiral which is some designer is used all the time in nature welcome to the house of the future relative to the 1920s so I actually can see we've got high vaulted ceilings and wide panoramic views of a great illusion of space that's bigger than really what we got it's only 1017 square feet is it any wonder he was a veteran of World War one he served on board a submarine vessel Society that he wanted to draw from his experience if you were to have bought a house like this he would have ordered your walls from the catalog say you wanted all mechanized shelves you can have that if you wanted all rotating closet space you can have that as well you got from a round closer to here it's a rotating structure it just takes advantage of the space so it was up to you to pick and choose and decide when and where and how big you wanted your eggs to be he's really trying to give the power back to the people with this design idea the cost of the house itself for consumer was six thousand five hundred the average mean of a house back then was five thousand fifty percent of the time it came to the house yeah no that's not fun times single unit bathroom is dropped in on site you know what I'm thinking about them thinking about an airplane toilet and we're talking about a new he's into clean environment the whole bottom of the bathroom is one material floor encounter and shower are the same sort of composite easy to clean fiber then the toilet is one one side you have this sink on the other side some storage and the shower in such a design you're not going to be concerned about spilling water or about humidity going the rest of the house is like a self-contained compartment not just these aesthetic appeals and aesthetic values that make the house unique we're not in just your round house we're actually off of the ground right now the secret of the Dymaxion house lies in a central construction but Mr Fuller was too trying to change the way we thought about structure in order to address certain things like extreme weather conditions so do we have a essential mass and network those strong pillars that are driven about eight feet deep into a solid slab of concrete from which you have a network of suspension cables that reach across flattest across one another and hang on to the floor it's an essence this high tension which holds the walls in the upright position however the suspension style cables and they expand and contract and they grant this house a measure of agility that no longer house has when combined with a plexiglass exterior now you have a house that functions like an airplane able to withstand those drops and pressure it can adjust its shape and change itself according to those values that's the thing that makes the central mass in the suspension suspension cables because that's what makes the house a dime axion house it also allows it to be broken down put on going to a flatbed truck and driven to the next location but as you look at the floor you're gonna notice that they're flat they fold up like an accordion so it would actually fold up and you could lay it back out so it was designed to be entirely mobile open kitchen same floor as in the rest of the house the accordion type of flooring as in sitio radius the Corbusier in Marseilles the whole counter is maro easy to clean easy to maintain the kitchen is integrated so it's super sleek all-in-one kitchen that would include refrigerated growers and chefs so as in the restaurant industry these days carrying that are refrigerated and are just common in the 50s of the 20th century they were not we are talking about the beginning of industrial scale commercial appliances and then you go to the living room and space first thing you know this space if we're talking about the circumference is probably one third of the cake is living room I like the fact that the separation between the kitchen and the living room it doesn't know all the way air circulates through the house every system is at the very top of the mastery of flue that opens drawing hot air up and out and ventilation panels drop to drop all air in just by having these panels open it's going to draw air all the way through up through the central mass in a rotating rooms turning effect because you have a flu at the very top just by atmospheric difference alone it's going to form a vacuum to draw air up and out but Mr Fuller was a fan of the environment in fact he thought it was our imperative duty to take care of the earth as much as possible he thought of this even in the 1900s right so rainwater if you look at the roofing sleds you're going to notice some rip light features here from the outside of the house the wooden slats are separated allowing for a gap of space to allow rainwater to come inside but mr. Fuller's unique ventilation system would allow for a rain indoor rain gutter system to collect rainwater from the outside and the foil layers we collect our condensation in order to redirect that extra moisture into a PVC pipe and that would lead to the base of the house in a holding tank and you know here we are in almost 2020 just now embarking with those ideas now keep in mind this house was designed from materials that were available in the 1940s we have many more materials available now we have carbon fiber we've got fiberglass so it's faster Plexiglas this is how they constructed the airplanes first thing we thought when we came it looks like an Airstream that you you're sorry so for the moment right so it's it's it's all connected it is I mean so the airstream was one but mr. fuller also designed a Dymaxion car with the same high tension holding the car together because he wanted to be able to break it apart he was really really light to his structure high tension cable wires in a lattice structure he went on to design a desig dome and learned a lot about the way that particles form in nature and cellular structure and now come to find out the C 60 carbon atom is following the intuition by which he designed this is a concept of integrity this shape connected to these Euclidean forums here it's going to create attention that it's gonna keep it together Buckminster Fuller was very interested in the in how nature seems to be very aware of the best designs concepts such as integrity that just with the ball with you geodesic domes you know the Dymaxion concept comes from a moment where mass production was turning from what were to afford into commercial products you know we're talking about the union of commercial flights aircrafts from that moment resemble angstroms you see the rivet a metal structure and you see how our the dynamics just help keep them in the earth you know so the wind tunnel effect is very important for an airplane boogie Fuller thought it was also important for the house who has to sustain like a family for doing extreme weather conditions and this in place we can also see here is a campervan so boogie Fuller's Dymaxion precedes this Volkswagen camper the iconic has thousand wells so this is a 1959 folks find this valid the original Westie previous to having a more refined version of house on wheels you have a camping more Spartan tent in this case from the 20s we are talking about the tarp on top of our mad structure and wealth to be tall you know this idea it's very modern the idea to go back to the woods and try to just reconnect with something that in modern life you've lost because you're living in urban environments and here the origin of modern proportional vehicles again we're talking about the wind tunnel the same materials River that cell is still those things were conceived to eat or not to fly but we sort of see a same right building expertise mean they were doing to another so we're talking about in the 30s during the recession but it's fascinating how booky Fuller was trying to utilize all the mass production materials and techniques available at the moment and they needed to be either reconverted or closed down for he wanted to use it all that momentum and keep going with it and just Raymond housing I'd like to see how this could work on a system of houses as a neighborhood could be almost like a molecular structure like very organic I drop something mercury and they come together this seperatly very easily nature would understand a neighborhood that is created with drops of water if you wanted to create something cheap mass-produced that could harvest rain easy to clean easy to move higher dynamic that could stand extreme weather and phenomena that was the prefab of that moment it has tested to withstand high winds of up to 120 miles per hour single planes plexi the thing is is the bankers like traditional windows so what would have traditional windows done to a house like this well I don't think that it would have been able to stand it you know the category white tornado who knows where we would be today if this house had gone into production I do believe that Buckminster Fuller was looking toward potential tornado flood and hurricane adaptive housing but unfortunately the bankers just did not feel confident enough with the design to push it forward some people think that this is a failure I don't think this is a failure at all 120 miles per hour success yeah that's that's that's success in extreme weather conditions you know it's interesting and the system's thinking everything makes more sense now you are talking about extreme weather which is some patterns are coming harder and harder we're talking about materials that could be used industrial scale we're talking about refine a lot of things are ideas that are just now floating and somebody could probably common grasp some of them

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